Teachers Parents Kids Administrators Librarians Reading Club Book Fairs

By reading texts in history/social studies and science, students build a foundation of knowledge in these fields that will also give them the background to be better readers in all content areas. For each grade band, you’ll find informational texts and literary nonfiction arranged according to themes, sample lesson plans, and text-based questions. These resources are designed to help your students build knowledge, vocabulary, and reading fluency.

Grades K–1: Content Area Lesson Plans

Social Studies

Community Helpers →

Lesson Objectives

  • Identify community helpers that are involved in responding to and fighting fires
  • Describe different types of communities and how firefighters and other helpers respond differently in each
  • Explain why we need community helpers, and why being a firefighter is a difficult job
  • Make inferences related to the images to find out more information about fires and firefighters
Science

Animals →

Lesson Objectives

  • Make predictions and inferences about the biggest, smallest, strongest, fastest, and slowest animals
  • Identify and categorize different types of animals, and compare/contrast two animals
  • Explain why the author includes particular animals as ‘record holders’
  • Conduct research and assert why other animals should be included as ‘record holders’

Grades 2–3: Content Area Lesson Plans

Social Studies

Ruby Bridges →

Lesson Objectives

  • Identify Ruby Bridges as the first black child to attend an all-white elementary school
  • Find evidence to support the main idea/author’s purpose that Ruby Bridges was a leader who enacted change
  • Describe some images and tell how they convey information
  • Determine one’s own point of view relative to Ruby’s story
  • Write a letter to Ruby Bridges expressing responses and asking questions about her experience
  • Conduct further reading and research about Ruby Bridges and other leaders of freedom
Science

Water →

Lesson Objectives

  • Describe water, including its forms, sources, and the way it moves and is stored or consumed
  • Identify as the main topic the universal significance of water in all parts of the world for all humans
  • Examine and make inferences about photographs, and explain how the images to convey information
  • Create a short fictional narrative based on one of the photographs from the text
  • Conduct further reading about water sources, properties, cultures, conservation, and the water cycle

Grades 4–5: Content Area Lesson Plans

Social Studies

George Washington →

Lesson Objectives

  • Describe the life and contributions of George Washington
  • Identify the thirteen colonies, French and Indian War, Revolutionary War, Constitution, and appointment of the first U.S. president as significant developments in U.S. history
  • Describe a variety of images and infer information from them about Washington and U.S. history
  • Write an opinion essay about George Washington and his impact on U.S. history
  • Conduct further reading and research about George Washington, other U.S. presidents, and early U.S. history

Science

The Solar System →

Lesson Objectives

  • Describe the inner and outer solar system, including the sun and eight planets
  • Identify some of the probes and other spacecraft used in exploration, and some of their discoveries
  • Explain why there has been so much exploration of Mars and why the discovery of water on Mars, Uranus, and Saturn’s Enceladus is so significant
  • Write a short informational report about a chosen aspect of the solar system
  • Conduct further reading and research about the solar system and space exploration